Modern telecommunication systems are highly complex from an algorithmic point of view. The complexity continues to increase due to advanced modulation schemes, multiple protocols and standards, as well as additional functionality such as personal organizers or navigation aids.To have short and reliable design cycles, efficient verification methods and tools are necessary. Modeling and simulation need to accompany the design steps from the specification to the overall system verification in order to bridge the gaps between system specification, system simulation, and circuit level simulation. Very high carrier frequencies together with long observation periods result in extremely large computation times and requires, therefore, specialized modeling methods and simulation tools on all design levels. The focus of Modeling and Simulation for RF System Design lies on RF specific modeling and simulation methods and the consideration of system and circuit level descriptions. It contains application-oriented training material for RF designers which combines the presentation of a mixed-signal design flow, an introduction into the powerful standardized hardware description languages VHDL-AMS and Verilog-A, and the application of commercially available simulators.Modeling and Simulation for RF System Design is addressed to graduate students and industrial professionals who are engaged in communication system design and want to gain insight into the system structure by own simulation experiences.The authors are experts in design, modeling and simulation of communication systems engaged at the Nokia Research Center (Bochum, Germany) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits, Branch Lab Design Automation (Dresden, Germany).
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Applied Reconfigurable Computing, ARC 2015, held in Bochum, Germany, in April 2015.The 23 full papers and 20 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 85 submissions. They are organized in topical headings named: architecture and modeling, tools and compilers, systems and applications, network-on-a-chip, cryptography applications, extended abstracts of posters. In addition, the book contains invited papers on funded R&D - running and completed projects and Horizon 2020 funded projects.
Seminar paper from the year 1998 in the subject American Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1 (A), Ruhr-University of Bochum (English Seminar), course: Seminar: Introduction to african-american Literature, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Introduction In this essay we are going to deal with Black American English and its specific features and differences to Standard English. The analysis includes an introduction to the grammar of BAE, its specific vocabulary, the African elements in BAE and the ethnographic speech behaviour connected with the use of BAE. At the beginning a short survey will be given on who actually speaks BAE. 1. Who speaks Black American English? In general, we can say that all those speak BAE (= Black American English) who consider themselves to be Black. Those are 80% of the Black American population. But also some Puerto Ricans and members of the southern plantation owning class do use this language. In former times BAE was also used by some Indian tribes and Seminoles. The dialect patterns depend on social factors rather than racial or geographic. Many people are capable of several dialects, and also some Whites do speak those dialects. The history of the Afro-American languages correlates with a caste system. The use of BAE indicates a low level of education as well as a low social standard. It indicates that the speaker belongs to a social group that has remained unassimilated to the white culture. Rich black families tend to speak Standard English. In the use of Standard English among Blacks agegrading plays a great role. First the children adopt the language they learn in their peer groups, later on they learn Standard English in school. The age-grading towards Standard English is closely connected with status grading, i.e. children of families with a higher social level tend to the use of Standard English. The higher a Black climbs on the social ladder the more he tends to Standard English. In general, women find it easier to affiliate with the middle-class and to adopt the white culture standards. But the use of BAE is also an indicator of racial awareness and identity. And even highly educated Blacks want to express their roots linguistically to show their identification. They do so by the use of ethnic slang which they use, even if they detest the grammar and phonology of BAE 1. 1 Dillard, J.L.; Black English, New York, 1972. (p.229 - 240)
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Philologie), 20 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This work deals with double consciousness in contemporary African American crime fiction. [...] In order to find out what characterizes African American crime fiction, or at least a part of it, and where it can be settled in this large field, two selected novels, Chester Himes' Cotton Comes To Harlem and Walter Mosley's Devil In A Blue Dress will be analyzed in the background of the concept of 'double consciousness', a term which was coined by W.E.B. Du Bois in his work The Souls of Black Folk in the early 20th century. [...] Light will be shed on the generic features of the novels, such as the plot, the narrative structure, the imagery and the constellation of the characters. Afterwards a short outline of the development of the detective novel shall be sketched to provide the reader with a necessary knowledge which will help during the analysis of the works. [...] The thesis of this paper is that double consciousness is an omnipresent element in the selected works and that it shapes each character differently in a way that it might lead either to success or failure. Depending on how the specific character is able to recognize his/her own two consciousnesses, this awareness forms the character's development in the plot and what he/she achieves in the end.
Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, Ruhr-University of Bochum, 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Why did I choose Mitchell's story? Superficially because it's very easy to get into the story and entertaining to go on, not only because of the colloquial style but also because of the exciting plot, which casts a spell over the reader - but in the final analysis, it was because there hides a complex story under the trivial appearing surface in David Mitchell's 'The January Man'. In this assignment I release the view on the hidden characteristics and special qualities of this story by first interpreting it within the individual paragraphs, then by examining the aspects relevant for the whole story to categorize David Mitchell's story on the basis of my insights and in relation to Modernist, Postmodernist and Contemporary Short Stories.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Ruhr-University of Bochum, course: Ireland, North and South, in Film, language: English, abstract: James Joyce's Dubliners is a famous collection of short stories, which introduces its readership to the life of Irish middle class people at the beginning of the 20th century. Especially the final of these short stories named The Dead, which simultaneously is the longest, received a brought reception. It is 'the story of Gabriel Conroy who attends the Christmas dinner party of his aunts, the Morkans, accompanied by his wife Gretta' (Brannigan 56, 57). Here, he is confronted with his pro-British existance, in contrast to some nationalist attitudes. In the end, he discovers that his wife fell in love with a boy in Galway once, who died, and that their relationship is not, and never was, as passionate as he wants it to be. In general it can be said that 'Joyce presents people in their relation to both nationalism and love' (Manganiello 94) It arouse interest over seventy years after its first publication, when John Houston made it into a movie in 1987. This essay will analyze the changes that happened through the conversion from short story to film. Because the paper has a limited number of pages, the special focus will be on the women Gretta Conroy, who is next to her husband Gabriel the main actor, Miss Ivors, who stays in mind because of her strong feelings for her home country Ireland and Lily, a minor character but the first woman appearing in the story. After giving a description of their characters in the novella, the third chaper of this paper will deal with these women in the movie. It will be shown that they nearly all went through a kind of transformation and, in contrast to Joyce's outline, were strenghtened by John Houston in various respects.
Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3 (A), Ruhr-University of Bochum (Anglistics Seminar), 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This book deals with hell in Milton's 'Paradise Lost' in three respects: Hell as a place or outer state, hell as an inner state and hell as it is transferred to earth. Additionally, the introduction gives a short outline of the European concept of hell before and during the 17th century.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2.0, Ruhr-University of Bochum, course: Sensationalism in Short Stories of Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne, language: English, abstract: For the longest time the genre of Sensationalism has been decried as cheap entertainment for the uneducated masses. Especially in the 19th century sensational writing has been frowned upon by the literary elite due to its commercialism and lowly or negative information value. Most authors of the time, who fancied they were serving the taste of an educated readership, distanced themselves from the sensational genre and denied its influence on their work. Therefore the actual impact of Sensationalism on 19th century literature has often been disregarded although in the case of some authors it is openly displayed. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate this impact by examining the reaction and response of the authors Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne towards literary and journalistic Sensationalism of their time and reveal how both authors exploited material and themes of the genre in different ways for their own purposes.
Essay from the year 1999 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: Pass grade, Ruhr-University of Bochum (English Seminar), course: National History Proseminar: The American West, 0 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Subject of this review is the book 'Kulturwandel bei den nordamerikanischen Plainsindianern', written by Jürgen Döring and published in 1984 in Berlin. First a short summary of the contents of the book will be given. Afterwards the structure of contents, the author's qualification and competence, formal aspects, the bibliographical background and the style of writing (and in this context also the target group of readers) will be evaluated. I have chosen this specific book, because it deals with the aspect of horses in the Indian culture. As hippology and horse riding are hobbies of mine, I have a special interest in this specific aspect of Indian and North American culture from a horseman's / horsewoman's point of view. As I possess a solid particular knowledge in the field of horsemanship I am able to critically judge and evaluate literature which deals with the topic of horses.