Nach dem erfolgreichen Duft Knowledge by RUB, der in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Team um den Duftforscher Prof. Dr. Dr. Dr. med. habil. Hanns Hatt an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum und Geza Schön, einem der bekanntesten Parfumeure Deutschlands, entwickelt wurde, gibt es eine ergänzende Körperpflegelinie. Ebenso wie der Duft, sind die Bodylotion und das Duschgel mehr als nur die Summe aus verschiedenen Duftkomponenten. Das Duschgel reinigt zudem die Haut und versorgt sie mit Feuchtigkeit. Es hinterlässt einen frischen Duft auf der Haut und sorgt für ein belebendes Hautgefühl.
Erkenntnisse aus 20 Jahren RUB-Duftforschung sind in das weltweit erste Parfüm einer Universität eingeflossen. KNOWLEDGE entspannt, fördert geistige Frische und Konzentration und beeinflusst die zwischenmenschliche Kommunikation. Duftforschung mit Tradition – Düfte können auf vielen Ebenen in das Leben von Menschen eingreifen. Nicht nur über die Nase nehmen wir sie wahr, auch über die Atmung und Verdauung gelangen sie in unseren Körper. Selbst die Haut besitzt Rezeptoren für Duftstoffe. Wissenschaftliche Studien – unter anderem vom Lehrstuhl für Zellphysiologie der Ruhr-Universität Bochum – haben gezeigt, dass Düfte Hormone und wichtige Botenstoffe im Gehirn regulieren und somit geistige sowie körperliche Funktionen beeinflussen. Belebend und entspannend zugleich – Was zunächst paradox klingt, lässt sich vereinen: Duftgemische können gleichzeitig beleben und entspannen, und das steigert die geistige Leistungsfähigkeit. Denn Konzentration, kognitive Leistungen und geistige Frische sind im entspannten und gelassenen Zustand besser zu erlangen. Mediziner bezeichnen diese Kombination als tonisierend. Duftstoffe wie Hexanal, Nerol, Limonen oder Cineol beeinflussen die Wirkung von Neurotransmittern im Gehirn; dadurch beleben sie, machen aktiv und wach. Duftstoffe wie Gardenia-Acetal, Geraniol, Linalylacetal oder Thymol hingegen beruhigen, entspannen und machen uns gelassener. Genau diese Kombination macht KNOWLEDGE so faszinierend. Es enthält auch IsoESuper, den Duft, aus dem die Träume sind, – zart, weich und menschlich – sowie Komponenten mit animalischen, süßlichen Noten wie Moschus, die die Anziehungskraft zwischen den Geschlechtern stärken. Außerdem ist Hedion, ein zarter Duft nach Magnolien, enthalten.
The theory of integral equations has been an active research field for many years and is based on analysis, function theory, and functional analysis. On the other hand, integral equations are of practical interest because of the "boundary integral equation method", which transforms partial differential equations on a domain into integral equations over its boundary. This book grew out of a series of lectures given by the author at the Ruhr-Universitat Bochum and the Christian-Albrecht-Universitat zu Kiel to students of mathematics. The contents of the first six chapters correspond to an intensive lecture course of four hours per week for a semester. Readers of the book require background from analysis and the foundations of numeri cal mathematics. Knowledge of functional analysis is helpful, but to begin with some basic facts about Banach and Hilbert spaces are sufficient. The theoretical part of this book is reduced to a minimum, in Chapters 2, 4, and 5 more importance is attached to the numerical treatment of the integral equations than to their theory. Important parts of functional analysis (e. g. , the Riesz-Schauder theory) are presented without proof. We expect the reader either to be already familiar with functional analysis or to become motivated by the practical examples given here to read a book about this topic. We recall that also from a historical point of view, functional analysis was initially stimulated by the investigation of integral equations.
Coated grains have always attracted attention, at first of naturalists, and later of geologists, and the interest in these peculiar bodies was re lated both to their intriguing form and their significance in facies inter pretation and sedimentology and to their relevance to accumulations of hydrocarbons and other mineral deposits. This resulted in numerous publications on this subject, and the intention of this volume is to sum marize the present state of knowledge on coated grains. The idea of the book was to unite some general papers with papers reporting case studies of both recent and ancient coated grains. The organization of the book follows this intention. The papers presented in this volume have been invited by the editor, the theme of the book merits a few words of personal history. The development of studies of coated grains during the last two decades has not only resulted in a great increase in knowledge of recent and ancient environments of coated grain formation, but also numerous important and controversial questions of classification, environmental significance, mineralogical composition etc. of ancient coated grains have arisen. To answer these questions, in 1978 I started the study of many ancient and recent occurrences of coated grains at the Institut fUr Geologie, Ruhr-UniversiUH Bochum, following the invitation of Hans Fiichtbauer and sponsored by the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung.
In the opinion of some historians the era of fascism ended with the deaths of Mussolini and Hitler. Yet the debate about its nature as a historical phenomenon and its value as a term of historical analysis continues to rage with ever greater intensity, each major attempt to resolve it producing different patterns of support, dissent, and even hostility, from academic colleagues. Nevertheless, a number of developments since 1945 not only complicate the methodological and definitional issues even further, but make it ever more desirable that politicians, journalists, lawyers, and the general public can turn to ‘experts’ for a heuristically useful and broadly consensual definition of the term. These developments include: the emergence of a highly prolific European New Right, the rise of radical right populist parties, the flourishing of ultra-nationalist movements in the former Soviet empire, the radicalization of some currents of Islam and Hinduism into potent political forces, and the upsurge of religious terrorism. Most monographs and articles attempting to establish what is meant by fascism are written from a unilateral authoritative perspective, and the intense academic controversy the term provokes has to be gleaned from reviews and conference discussions. The uniqueness of this book is that it provides exceptional insights into the cut-and-thrust of the controversy as it unfolds on numerous fronts simultaneously, clarifying salient points of difference and moving towards some degree of consensus. Twenty-nine established academics, including severalprominent experts working in English and German, wereinvited by the periodical "Erwägen Wissen Ethik" (Deliberation Knowledge Ethics) to engage with an article by Roger Griffin, one of the most influential theorists in the study of generic fascism in the Anglophone world. The resulting debate progressed through two ‘rounds’ of critique and reply, forming a fascinating patchwork of consensus and sometimes heated disagreement. In a spin-off from the original discussion of Griffin’s concept of fascism, a second exchange documented here focuses on the issue of fascist ideology in contemporary Russia.This collection is essential reading for all those who realize the need to provide the term ‘fascism’ with theoretical rigour, analytical precision, and empirical content despite the complex issues it raises, and for any specialist who wants to participate in fascist studies within an international forum of expertise. The book will change the way in which historians and political scientists think about fascism, and make the debate about the threat it poses to infant democracies like Russia more incisive not just for academics, but for politicians, journalists, and the wider public.The contributors: David Baker, Warwick, Jeffrey M. Bale, Monterey, Tamir Bar-On, Toronto, Alexander De Grand, North Carolina, Martin Durham, Wolverhampton, Roger Eatwell, Bath, Peter Fritzsche, Urbana-Champaign, A. James Gregor, Berkeley, Roger Griffin, Oxford Brookes, Siegfried Jäger, Duisburg-Essen, Klaus Holz, Villigst, Aristotle Kallis, Lancaster, Melitta Konopka, Bochum, Walter Laqueur, Washington, Werner Loh, Paderborn, Bärbel Meurer, Osnabrück, Philip Morgan, Hull, Ernst Nolte, Berlin, Kevin Passmore, Cardiff, Stanley G. Payne, Madison, Friedrich Pohlmann, Freiburg, Karin Priester, Münster, Alfred Schobert, Duisburg, Sven Reichardt, Konstanz, David D. Roberts, Georgia, Robert J. Soucy, Oberlin, Mario Sznajder, Jerusalem, Andreas Umland, Kyiv, Leonard Weinberg, Nevada, Jan Weyand, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Wolfgang Wippermann, Berlin.
"An Industrial Product-Service System is characterized by the integrated and mutually determined planning, development, provision and use of product and service shares including its immanent software components in Business-to-Business applications and represents a knowledge-intensive socio-technical system." - Meier, Roy, Seliger (2010)Since the first conference in 2009, the CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems has become a well-established international forum for the review and discussion of advances, research results and industrial improvements. Researchers from all over the world have met at previous IPS² conferences in Cranfield (2009), Linköping (2010), Braunschweig (2011) and Tokyo (2012). In 2013, the 5 th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems is held in Bochum. Important topics of IPS² research presented at the conference are: planning and development, sustainability, business models, operation, service engineering, knowledge management, ICT, modeling and simulation, marketing and economic aspects as well as the role of the human in IPS².
Globally, raw materials play a central role and are a key factor in determining the economic power and growth of modern states, confederations and coalitions. The extraction and supply of raw materials is a main driving force in global trade today, but has also profoundly influenced human economic and cultural history. In order to elucidate the importance of mineral ores in pre-modern societies, PhD students and staff at the Leibniz graduate school “Raw Materials, Innovation and Technology of Ancient Cultures” [RITaK] – a co-operation between the German Mining Museum [Deutsches Bergbau-Museum, DBM] and the Ruhr-University Bochum [RUB] – were involved in interdisciplinary research. This publication contains the results of the international RITaK end-of-project conference, held from the 27th-29th of September, as well as contributions to the RITaK workshop “Perspectives for an Economic Archaeology”, held on the 22nd and 23rd of November 2013. At a theoretical and model-building level, the first seven articles provide archaeological, sociological and economic perspectives on the diverse economic, cognitive, cultural and social feedback processes set in motion by the appropriation and use of raw materials. The following contributions focus on different archaeological and historical cultures in Europe, Central Asia and the Mediterranean area from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages. Raw material processing and preparation, metal recycling, prehistoric and historic mining, the exchange mechanisms involving raw materials and their products, as well as technology and knowledge transfer, are all covered. Together, the 23 contributions to this volume offer the possibility for intensive engagement with the theme of resources and their influence on and entanglement with human behaviour, mentalities, knowledge acquisition, technological and social developments and even the relationship between people and their environments and the human appropriation of space.
The book is about the evolution and transformation of knowledge and knowledge systems in the context of cultural contact. The articles take Korea as an example and deal with the configuration, dissemination and consolidation of knowledge in certain contexts of the past and present. Combining philological and social scientific approaches, this book is the result of a joint research project of the Korean Studies institutes at Freie Universität Berlin and Ruhr University Bochum pursued between 2009 and 2014.
What is happening to gender studies and gender research as emerging but contested fields of scientific knowledge in the conditions of the new academic governance? And which role do gender studies and gender research play in the current transformations in academia? All articles in this book make clear that the impacts of the new academic governance have global, glocal and local dimensions which have to be taken into account in analysing the state of gender studies and gender research at the end of the 2010s. From diverse geopolitical and sociocultural views the authors simultaneously draw a multifaceted picture of the current situation, criticise the widespread tendencies of the marketisation of scientific knowledge, suggest strategies for resistance against the neo-liberalisation of higher education and research, and identify starting points for further and optionally comparative studies on these issues. These contributions emphasise not only the need for more theoretical reflection and empirical research and for critical exchanges on the current transformations, but also the need for political action to challenge, resist and change them. The Editor Dr Heike Kahlert is Professor and Chair of Sociology/Social Inequality and Gender at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), Germany.